Most LDS Apologists of the Book of Abraham believe and maintain that the Book of Breathings text ((also known as Shait en Sensen) "Breathing permit" for the priest Hor text) is Not the source from which the Book of Abraham. Hugh Nibley maintained this. John Gee maintains this. Even Daniel C. Peterson maintains this.
Here is what Daniel C. Peterson wrote in the January 1994 Ensign:
Critics have long attempted to make a case against the book of Abraham. They argue that some ancient texts do not support the book. They point to the fragments of the Joseph Smith papyri that we now possess and claim that since the contents of these papyri bear little obvious relationship to the book of Abraham, the book is a fraud; but Hugh Nibley has made an exhaustive study of these claims and has shown that the papyri we now have were probably not the ones from which Joseph Smith translated the book of Abraham. 29
( http://library.LDS.org/nxt/gateway.dll? ... efault.htm )
Despite Daniel C. Peterson wanting the readers of the Ensign to not believe that the Book of Breathings text ((also known as Shait en Sensen) "Breathing permit" for the priest Hor text) is not the source for the Book of Abraham (by providing a footnote to some of Hugh Nibley BofA Apologetics which had a lot of it already been refuted before the year of 1994 (1)), the evidence is very overwhelming that the Book of Breathings text is indeed the source for the Book of Abraham.
Here is what Kevin Graham wrote and quoted from Brent Metcalfe on the “FAIR” Message Board several months ago there:
We also get all these wild excuses as to how the Breathings text couldn`t have possibily been the source for the Book of Abraham translation, but not one single LDS apologetic even acknolwedges the many reasons to believe it was. Here is a list provided by Metcalfe:
1. Facsimile 1 is the opening vignette in the Breathing Permit of HÃ´r.
2. Facsimile 3 is the closing vignette in the Breathing Permit of HÃ´r. (The HÃ´r papyrus fragment for Fac. 3 is not extant. Still, the Fac. 3 woodcut preserves the identity of the deceasedâ€”HÃ´râ€”confirming that it too belongs to HÃ´r's Breathing Permit.)
3. The Book of Abraham identifies Facsimile 1 (the opening vignette in HÃ´r's Breathing Permit) as an illustration placed at the "commencement" (Abr. 1:12) or "beginning" (Abr. 1:14) of patriarch Abraham's record.
4. Vignette Facsimile 3 (from the Breathing Permit of HÃ´r), according to Smith, also illustrates scenes from Abraham's life.
5. In keeping with the Book of Abraham claim that Facsimile 1 opened the record, all extant dictated Book of Abraham manuscripts (MS 1a [fldr. 2], MS 1b [fldr. 3], and MS 2 [fldr. 1]) contain authentic hieratic copied sequentially from the contiguous portion of the Breathing Permit of HÃ´r only. (There are two minor exceptions to sequence, but those characters too originate from HÃ´r's Breathing Permit. Invented, non-authentic Egyptian characters also appear on the manuscripts at points where the papyrus fragment has a lacuna.)
6. All authentic Egyptian characters in Joseph Smith's Egyptian Alphabet manuscripts and the bound Grammar and Alphabet of the Egyptian Language were copied from the Breathing Permit of HÃ´r.
7. Aside from hypocephalus Facsimile 2 (the original of which is no longer extant), HÃ´r's Breathing Permit is the only papyrus that is associated with Joseph Smith's BoAbrâ€”an association that is attested to repeatedly in the Book of Abraham text and its antecedent manuscripts.
Point #5 is the true kicker, and to explain exactly how this worked, here is a photo of a KEP manuscript to the right.
( The Bold Emphasis Mine here, is Kevin quoting from Brent. )
Here is the URL To that Discussion Thread there: http://www.fairboards.org/index.php?sho ... 15210&hl=#
Well Anyways then, despite what Daniel C. Peterson and John Gee believing and wanting a lot of people to believe that the Book of Breathings test ((also known as Shait en Sensen) "Breathing permit" for the priest Hor text) is Not the source for the Book of Abraham, the evidence is indeed very overwhelming that the Book of Breathings text is indeed the source for the Book of Abraham.
1. Please See for example: [URL=http://www.xmission.com/~research/central/resscri3.htm] 'Reducing Dissonance:
The Book of Abraham as a Case Study'
by Edward H. Ashment[/URL]