So let me get this straight. Apologists are claiming that a paper written before the development of high resolution mtDNA analyses, and based on numerical models (instead of directly on results from analysis of thousands of real world samples), trumps more than 50 (mostly later) papers, many of which are based on laboratory data (including high resolution mtDNA data), which show no evidence whatsoever for any contribution of a trans-oceanic migration to the pre-Columbian genome.
Sounds like a typical apologetic claim to me. Must be right. The fact that high resolution mtDNA analysis has been demonstrated capable of tracking the progeny of a single female
who migrated to northern Europe from the New World more than 1,000 years ago apparently gives these knowledgeable apologists no cause for doubt in their single favorable published study.
Here is a post I wrote on this subject on another board some time ago. Apologies to those who have seen this. There are those who obviously have not.
The well founded sceintific consensus is that there is no pre-Columbian trans-oceanic contribution to the New World Amerindian genome -period. This now rock solid scientific consensus means that the Book of Mormon narrative is pure fiction and fantasy.
There are any number of recently published peer reviewed scientific papers that support this consensus. I recently came across a review paper that listed and described more than 50 studies of Native American DNA, all of which were were consistent with, or directly support, the "no hebrew DNA" findings described in Dr. Simon Southerton's book.
In fact, one of the studies referenced below represents thousands of samples that were analyzed by an LDS supported genetics research institute, the results of which support a single population genetic source for pre-Columbian Amerindians. http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2008/03/080313-AP-native-amer.html
Supportive evidence that has continued accumulated since the publication of Dr. Southerton's book, some of which was obtained using next-gen high resolution mtDNA mapping, has been perfectly consistent with his findings.
For believing Mormons who may not have been paying attention to this issue and have put their faith in apologists who assure them that science is wrong or that the jury is still out on Lehite migration, the statement below concerning the scientific consensus regarding the origin of the pre-Columbian Amerindians may come as a shock.
"Here we show, by using 86 complete mitochondrial genomes, that all Native American haplogroups, including haplogroup X, were part of a single founding population, thereby refuting multiple-migration models." http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2427228/?tool=pmcentrez
Below are a few more easily accessed papers that support Dr. Southerton's position.http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0000829http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0001764http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/10/071025160653.htmhttp://www.plosbiology.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pbio.0030193